Guararema House / Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados
- Area :
Danilo Terra, Fernanda Sakano, Juliana Terra and Peter Tuma
Text description provided by the architects. The house is located in the rural area of Guararema. The plot, on the banks of the Paraíba do Sul River, has an area of 20,845 m², of which 15,000 m² is dedicated to permanent protected area.
The building has an area of 60 m² and is located on the highest part of the ground. The main openings face east and west, providing views of the native forest and riparian forest, sunrise and sunset, respectively. The central span houses the living room and kitchen and integrates with the outdoor area becoming a single space, a large balcony. The closed
blocks, with more moderate openings, has the bedrooms, bathroom, service area and storage.
The building reproduces a typology of rural dwellings called culata Yovai Which consists out of “[…] a construction with two opposing closed blocks, with a covered and hollow space in between. Enclosed spaces can house both bedrooms, a living room, a storage room or, in the most recent configurations, the kitchen. The central space has a varied and flexible use, both for work and living, as it is a meeting place and a place of passage, forming a transition between one “room” and another or between one side and the other of the external spaces. (BAROSSI, 2005, v. 2, p. 4)
The context and scale of the building prompted the use of the rammed earth construction system for all walls. These seals are thick, heavy, massive, gradually crafted, and have a smooth texture that reveals any sessile layer. The technique is quite old, but it was performed with a more modern method. To provide greater durability, the technique known as Stabilized Rammed Earth – SRE was used, in which cement is added to the original soil mix to compensate for potential damage caused by contact with water.
The tiles and metal beams rest on the structure and their flaps protect the external masonry from direct contact with the rain. The frames enclose the fence of the house and allow the shelter to be closed against the weather or unfold outwards, occupying the land with ephemeral rooms.
- Writing adopted by Antonio Carlos Barossi in his dissertation. This typology is used “especially in Paraguay, where it is
considered a typical solution for the country, and where memories can be found even in the urban area is also reported
in Bolivia, northern Argentina and southwestern Brazil” (BAROSSI, 2005, v. 2, p. 3)
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