With Aldark, The People’s Daily
On June 16, the Hotan-Ruoqiang Railway in the Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region in northwest China opened to traffic, the last section of a 2,712 km railway loop line surrounding Taklimakan, China’s largest desert. The newly opened railway connecting the city of Hotan, Khotan province and Ruoqiang county, Xinjiang’s Bayingolin Mongolian autonomous prefecture, Lop, Qira, Yutian, and Minfeng counties of Hotan prefecture, and Qiemo county of Bayingolin Mongolian autonomous prefecture, provided access to rail services for the first time in history. The 825 km Hotan-Ruoqiang Railway crosses the southern tip of the Taklimakan Desert, known as the “sea of death”, the world’s second largest floating sand desert. It is a typical desert railway line, with 534 km, or 65 percent of the tracks, laid in sandy areas. Beginning in December 2018, railroad construction in the desert relied heavily on cutting-edge technologies and innovative concepts. Considering the geological features of the desert and the severe water scarcity problem faced by concrete curing and construction works along the railway, China State Railway Group Co., Ltd. The companies participating in the project under the guidance of (China Railway) owned the components. The 434 bridge piers of the railway, prefabricated at the factory and then assembled at construction sites, thereby effectively mitigating the effects of severe water scarcity. With a total length of 49.7 km, viaducts were built to allow sandstorms to pass under bridges and the impact of sandstorms on the railway was significantly reduced. Railroad construction in a desert environment necessitates the prevention and management of desertification, so participating companies have simultaneously advanced railroad construction and sand control. A total of 50 million square meters of grass grids have been laid along the railroad, and 13 million shrubs and trees, including sacsaoul, rose willow and sea buckthorn planted. “For the first time in China, sand control projects and railway construction were done simultaneously. Xinjiang Hotan-Ruoqiang Railway Co.,Ltd. It is expected to establish a closer economic link between Xinjiang and other parts of China. Eight freight trains are planned to run along the Hotan-Ruoqiang Railway, a convenient and fast logistics channel. They can transport the prominent products of the cities on the route, such as red dates, magpie, rose and Atlas silk, to the inner regions of the country. Wang. Yiming Maitirouzi, a native of Qiaha town in Qira county, is excited about the opening of the railway. Due to the long transport distance, the man engaged in the mutton trade and has to travel between Khotan province and other parts of the country, he used to have problems due to high transportation costs and difficulties in ensuring the quality of his products. “Now I can expect high work efficiency and be more confident about my work,” he said. The completion of the Hotan-Ruoqiang Railway also marked the creation of a railway loop line surrounding the Tarim Basin in southern Xinjiang, making it possible to travel the southern part of Xinjiang by train. The Hotan-Ruoqiang Railway encompasses more than 10 million residents of various ethnic groups in southern Xinjiang, a region with abundant tourism resources and rich folk traditions. The railway is expected to further unlock the potential of the local tourism industry. The Hotan-Ruoqiang Railway runs through 20 newly built railway stations, nine of which have distinctive architectural styles. Yutian railway station in Yutian county features the old Silk Road, while the buildings highlight the themes of protecting the oasis and defending the border, respectively. they made plans. It introduced thematic tourism products, including a tour of southern Xinjiang and around the Tarim Basin, an adventure tour in the desert, and a tour of southern Xinjiang’s folk traditions and landscapes. inaccessible areas. By the end of 2021, the total length of opera national railways in Xinjiang reached 8151 km. What was once the end of China’s rail network is increasingly becoming a regional rail hub.